Cystitis during pregnancy – what can you do?

Unpleasant bladder problems (also known as cystitis) are known to almost every one of us. Some women are lucky to deal with it only a few times in their lives, others suffer from it throughout their lives and may even have a chronic form of inflammation that is much more serious and uncomfortable. Women are much more likely to get bladder inflammation than men, which is mainly due to the fact that women have a shorter urethra and the distance between the anus and vagina, so bacteria have a much faster and easier way to the bladder.

Urinary tract infections are caused by a bacteria (most commonly E. coli). Our body has no problem ejecting bacteria through the urinary system, so women, especially during pregnancy, are advised to drink plenty of fluids and use the toilet frequently. If bacteria multiply and reach the bladder, they can spread, and our immune system can no longer fight them. This is when an unpleasant inflammation of the bladder occurs, accompanied by symptoms that are already very well known to most women.

What are the symptoms of bladder inflammation?

The first thing women notice is a persistent urge to urinate, although the amount of urine is smaller than usual. Sometimes they pass only a few drops of urine, especially in severe forms of inflammation. It is also accompanied by a burning and painful sensation at the end of urination. Even if you must go to the toilet every few minutes, you can still have a feeling that the bladder is not completely empty. Urine may have darker color (traces of blood) and unusual, unpleasant odor (E. coli bacteria are even characterized by the “chemical” smell of urine).

Bladder inflammation is often accompanied by pelvic pain, and in severe forms of inflammation, even normal walking can be painful for women. Slightly elevated body temperature can also be one of the symptoms.

Why is bladder inflammation more common during pregnancy?

During pregnancy, there are changes in a woman’s body that can also affect the development of urinary tract infections. The peristalsis of the ureters slows down, the uterus presses on the bladder and the pH of the urine increases.

Why can it be dangerous?

Bladder inflammation is a common problem, but it should not be underestimated, especially during pregnancy. It increases the risk of miscarriage, premature birth and can even lead to inflammation of the kidneys that is also extremely dangerous. As soon as you notice signs of an inflamed bladder, contact your personal physician. He will send you to the laboratory where they check the presence of bacteria in your urine. Proteins, methyl ketones and leukocytes should not be present.

How can we prevent it?

  • Drink enough water,

    especially clean water, and unsweetened teas for pregnant women.

  • Avoid certain foods and beverages, ,

    e.g. alcohol (which is self-evident during pregnancy), too much coffee or strong tea, too much spicy food and sugar that cause bacteria to multiply in your body.

  • Avoid clothing,

    made of synthetic materials and tight-fitting clothing.

  • Get quality, cotton panties,,

    that are not too tight. Avoid thongs, which are bacteria’s best friend because they transfer it from anus to vagina when walking and sitting. Also, put synthetics out of your closet for a while.

  • Personal hygiene

    After going to the toilet, wipe in the direction from front to back to prevent the transmission of bacteria. If possible, take a shower after pooping.

  • Cosmetics for personal hygiene:

    Use only clean water or soaps that are specifically designed for intimate hygiene.

  • Watch out for wet panties

    Make sure you are not in wet underwear or swimsuit. If you sweat your panties (in a hot office or after exercise) or a discharge occurs (which is still common during pregnancy), keep a pair of spares, clean, dry panties with you. After taking a shower, put on your panties only once you are completely dry.

  • Never in a wet swimsuit!

    Watch out for wet swimsuits! As soon as you get out of the water, replace them with dry ones

  • Take care of personal hygiene after sexual intercourse

    It is recommended that you pee after sex to remove bacteria from the bladder and take a shower.

  • Watch out for colds

    Wear warm clothes and pay attention to the type of shoes, especially in transition periods such as spring and autumn

  • Regular checkups

    During pregnancy, get regular checkups and urine tests sent to you by your gynecologist

What to do if inflammation has already occurred?

Even if you notice mild symptoms of bladder inflammation, immediately increase the daily amount of water, and try to visit the toilet at least 8x a day. If problems persist or symptoms worsen, contact your personal physician or gynecologist immediately. He refers you to a laboratory and prescribe appropriate treatment.

Antibiotics – yes or no?

In severe cases, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics, which are also suitable for pregnant women. Many mothers avoid antibiotics during pregnancy for as long as they can, but you should also consider all the possible complications that may occur with untreated bladder or kidney inflammation. These could endanger you and your unborn baby.

How can we treat mild forms of inflammation?

If your doctor does not recommend antibiotic treatment, continue with preventative measures, and consult your pharmacist about some helpful preventative forms of treatment (e.g. natural medicine D-mannose can be used during pregnancy).

Do you have experience with bladder inflammation? What preventative measures helped you and what do you avoid? Advise other moms and take care of your health and the health of your baby. 🙂