Unpleasant bladder problems (also known as cystitis) are known to almost every one of us. Some women are lucky to deal with it only a few times in their lives, others suffer from it throughout their lives and may even have a chronic form of inflammation that is much more serious and uncomfortable. Women are much more likely to get bladder inflammation than men, which is mainly due to the fact that women have a shorter urethra and the distance between the anus and vagina, so bacteria have a much faster and easier way to the bladder.
Urinary tract infections are caused by a bacteria (most commonly E. coli). Our body has no problem ejecting bacteria through the urinary system, so women, especially during pregnancy, are advised to drink plenty of fluids and use the toilet frequently. If bacteria multiply and reach the bladder, they can spread, and our immune system can no longer fight them. This is when an unpleasant inflammation of the bladder occurs, accompanied by symptoms that are already very well known to most women.