Child has a fever – When to see a doctor?

Every parent, guardian, or caregiver is scared when they find out their child has a fever. But the most important thing is not to panic in this situation. Fever in children is common, but it is not always a signal that something is seriously wrong. Although we, as parents, are left shocked when looking at the thermometer display and seeing numbers above 38 degrees, a visit to a doctor is not always needed.

We have prepared some useful tips on how to take action and when to seek immediate medical attention. But first, learn what can cause a fever.

The most common causes of fever

Fever or higher temperature in both adults and children can occur for several reasons. Among the most common are:

  • excessive physical activity;
  • excessive sun exposure;
  • tooth eruption;
  • bacterial or viral infection;
  • allergic reaction;
  • other causes…

Higher temperature is triggered by substances called pyrogens; however, they can occur both outside and inside the body.

Fever in infants younger than 3 months

If your baby has a fever above 38°C, we strongly recommend that you visit a doctor to determine the cause of the fever. Infants rarely respond to fever infection, that is why it is very important to consult a doctor.

Proper course of action in case of fever in a child

  • Accurate way of measuring temperature:

    First, double-check that you have measured your child’s body temperature correctly.

  • Observe the child:

    see if he has a rash anywhere on his body.

  • Clothing and liquid:

    Remove all warm blankets and clothing from the child and give him enough fluids to drink, even in case of vomiting (by taking fluid in smaller sips).

  • Room temperature:

    Lower the temperature to 20 to 22°C and ventilate the room.

  • Cooling:

    Cool the baby by using cool compresses or a bath. Begin by raising the water temperature to 39°C and then cool it in five minutes to 32°C by adding cold water. Cool the baby for 5 to 10 minutes. If the child starts to shiver, stop cooling or raise the water temperature.

  • Compresses:

    You can also wrap the baby in a sheet that you have previously soaked in lukewarm water, or cover its arms, legs and forehead with compresses.

  • Substances that reduce fever:

    You can also give your child an antipyretic. Closely observe how much its temperature will drop. The response will be worse in case of bacterial inflammation.

    Antipyretics are drugs that act on the thermoregulatory center in the brain and lower the thermostatic set-point, which leads to lower body temperature. An example of such a drug is paracetamol.

An urgent call or visit to a doctor

You must call a doctor or even an emergency if:

  • a child is confused and unresponsive to your calls, has cramps, is suffocating, has turned blue and has trouble breathing.

  • a child shows signs of dehydration.

  • a child has bright red rash.

  • a child has a high temperature with severe chills.

  • a child, younger than two years, has a fever that lasts more than 24 hours without signs of diarrhea or cold.

  • a child, regardless of its age, has a fever with more than 40°C.

  • a child’s fever does not subside after three or five days.

  • the temperature rises back up after improvement.

  • your child does not have a spleen, which was removed due to injury or illness.

Effective prevention of fever in infants

Infectious diseases in childhood cannot be prevented that easily. Of course, you can reduce their number. Among the most endangered are children who come into contact with a group of children for the first time, for example in a kindergarten. The most important thing is to help him overcome this kind of stress.

Offer your toddler as many fruits, vegetables and vitamins as possible. You can easily include a variety of healthy and quality nutritional supplements in his diet. This will effectively increase his resistance.

We would love to hear more about your experiences. Do you have some useful advice that we missed? Share it with us and all the moms 🙂 .